ORHAN BAYRAK
Tarih araï¿½tï¿½rmacï¿½sï¿½ ve kï¿½ltï¿½r tarihï¿½isi M. Orhan Bayrak 1926 yï¿½lï¿½nda Denizliï¿½de doï¿½du. Emekli Kd. Albay (1977), Harita Mï¿½hendisi, Harita Genel Mï¿½dï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ Komptrolï¿½rï¿½ (19721977), ï¿½stanbul Belediyesi Harita Mï¿½dï¿½rï¿½ (19811982), yazar.
Eserlerinden bazï¿½larï¿½:
ï¿½stanbulï¿½un Tarihi Yerler Kï¿½lavuzu, Tï¿½rkiye Tarihi Yerler Kï¿½lavuzu, ï¿½stanbulï¿½da Gï¿½mï¿½lï¿½ Meï¿½hur Adamlar, Osmanlï¿½ Meï¿½hurlarï¿½ndan Fï¿½kralar, Atatï¿½rk ve Kurtuluï¿½ Savaï¿½ï¿½, Ansiklopedik ï¿½stanbul Rehberi, Osmanlï¿½ Tarihi Yazarlarï¿½, 19201984 Tï¿½rkiyeï¿½yi Kimler Yï¿½netti?
HAKKINDA YAZILANLARDAN:
Orhan Bayrakï¿½a saygï¿½ yazï¿½sï¿½
Mehmet Nuri Yardï¿½m

Yazï¿½larï¿½mda zaman zaman kendisinden sitayiï¿½le, ï¿½vgï¿½yle ve saygï¿½yla bahsettiï¿½im bir insandï¿½r M. Orhan Bayrakï¿½ Zorlu araï¿½tï¿½rmalarï¿½n taliplisiï¿½ Kï¿½ltï¿½r meselelerinin takipï¿½isiï¿½ Harita mï¿½hendisi, emekli kï¿½demli albayï¿½ Araï¿½tï¿½rmacï¿½ yazarï¿½ Kï¿½ltï¿½r tarihï¿½isiï¿½
18 Temmuz 1926 tarihinde Denizliï¿½de doï¿½du. 5 yaï¿½ï¿½nda iken babasï¿½nï¿½ kaybedince ilk ve ortaokul tahsili sï¿½rasï¿½nda yaz aylarï¿½nda ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½tï¿½ ve eve katkï¿½da bulundu. ï¿½lkokulu bitirince annesi Neyyire Hanï¿½m Adapazarï¿½ Ortaokuluï¿½na kayï¿½t yaptï¿½rmaya gï¿½tï¿½rï¿½r kï¿½ï¿½ï¿½k Orhanï¿½ï¿½. Mï¿½dï¿½r Yardï¿½mcï¿½sï¿½ Yusuf Ulusoy, Neyyire Hanï¿½mï¿½a der ki:  Bu ï¿½ocuï¿½un babasï¿½ yok mu? Sevgili baba yï¿½llar ï¿½nce sonsuzluk diyï¿½rï¿½na gï¿½ï¿½ etmiï¿½tir. Gayret timsali anne baï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ dik tutar ve metanetle:  Babasï¿½ ï¿½ldï¿½, ben onun hem babasï¿½, hem annesiyim. Bu sï¿½zlere karï¿½ï¿½lï¿½k Yusuf Bey, yanï¿½ndaki ï¿½ï¿½retmene dï¿½ner ve sï¿½ylenir:  Bï¿½yle kadï¿½nlarï¿½n aklï¿½na ï¿½aï¿½ï¿½yorum. Oï¿½ullarï¿½nï¿½ bir yere ï¿½ï¿½raklï¿½ï¿½a vermiyorlar. Bakalï¿½m okuyacak mï¿½? Bu sï¿½z ï¿½ileli kadï¿½nï¿½ ï¿½ok ï¿½zer, ama azminden ve kararlï¿½lï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ndan geri adï¿½m atmaz. Ciï¿½erparesi Orhanï¿½ï¿½n kaydï¿½nï¿½ okula yaptï¿½rï¿½r.
Orhan, annesinin medï¿½rï¿½ iftiharï¿½ olur, okur ve meslek sahibi olur. Ortaokul ve askeri liseden sonra tarihe ve ansiklopedik eserlere bï¿½yï¿½k ilgi duymaya baï¿½lar. Dergileri takip eder. Hayatï¿½ boyunca iyi bir kï¿½tï¿½phane sahibi olabilmek iï¿½in bï¿½yï¿½k bir ï¿½aba harcar. Bu amacï¿½na ulaï¿½ï¿½r da. Bï¿½yï¿½kbabasï¿½ Tï¿½rk Yunan Savaï¿½ï¿½ï¿½na, babasï¿½ ï¿½stiklï¿½l Harbiï¿½ne katï¿½lmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½. Her ikisinden miras kalan madalyalarï¿½ bï¿½yï¿½k bir hassasiyetle sakladï¿½. Askeri okullara girdi ve subay oldu. Orhan Bayrak, biyografilere meraklï¿½ydï¿½. ï¿½zellikle de tanï¿½nmï¿½ï¿½ devlet adamlarï¿½nï¿½n, askerlerin, bilginlerin ve edebiyatï¿½ï¿½larï¿½n hayat hikï¿½yelerini okudu. Notlar tuttu. Biyografi alanï¿½nda derinleï¿½ti.
ï¿½Edebiyatï¿½mï¿½zï¿½n Gï¿½leryï¿½zï¿½ï¿½ kitabï¿½ma, iznini alarak bir nï¿½ktesini almï¿½ï¿½tï¿½m. Bir ï¿½ok yerde anlattï¿½ï¿½ï¿½m bu nï¿½kteyi sizlere de nakletmek istiyorum deï¿½erli okuyucular.
Orhan Beyin 1998 yï¿½lï¿½nda ï¿½Tï¿½rbeler Sï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ adlï¿½ eseri ï¿½stanbul Bï¿½yï¿½kï¿½ehir Belediyesi Mezarlï¿½klar Mï¿½dï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ne baï¿½lï¿½ olarak kurulan Mezarlï¿½k Vakfï¿½ yayï¿½nï¿½ olarak basï¿½lacaktï¿½r. Anlaï¿½maya oturulmuï¿½tur. Vakï¿½f yetkilileri Bayrakï¿½a, eseri iï¿½in ne kadar telif istediï¿½ini sorarlar. Orhan Bey, ï¿½Benim paraya ihtiyacï¿½m yok, uygunsa Karacaahmetï¿½te kendime bir mezarlï¿½k yeri istiyorum.ï¿½ der. Yetkililerin bu bedeli az gï¿½rmesi ï¿½zerine, ï¿½ï¿½yleyse hanï¿½m iï¿½in de bir yer isteyeyim. ï¿½kimiz iï¿½in yan yana iki mezar yeri tahsis edilmesini talep ediyorum.ï¿½ Anlaï¿½ma saï¿½lanï¿½r. ï¿½imdi Karacaahmet Mezarlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nda iki kiï¿½ilik mezar yeri ï¿½Bayrak ailesiï¿½ne ayrï¿½lmï¿½ï¿½ durumda. Allah gecinden versinï¿½
Orhan Bayrak tam bir ï¿½stanbul beyefendisi. Kibar, nazik ve beï¿½erï¿½ mï¿½nasebetleri son derece iyi. Duygulu, azami hassasiyet sahibiï¿½ Vakfa ziyarete geldiï¿½inde ne gï¿½zel sohbetler ederiz, genelde ben dinleyici olurum. Anlatacaklarï¿½nï¿½ kï¿½sa, kestirmeden ve ï¿½z olarak sï¿½yler, kitaplarï¿½ndan bahseder. Kitaplarï¿½nï¿½ ï¿½z evlï¿½tlarï¿½ gibi ï¿½ok sever.
Araï¿½tï¿½rmacï¿½ yazarï¿½mï¿½zla Mart 2003 tarihinde bir gï¿½rï¿½ï¿½me yapmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½m. Bu mï¿½lakat Tarih ve Dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nce dergisinin 2003 yï¿½lï¿½nï¿½n Nisan sayï¿½sï¿½nda yayï¿½mlanmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½. Bazï¿½ eserleri Bilge Karï¿½nca Yayï¿½nlarï¿½ï¿½ndan ï¿½ï¿½kmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½. Bu yayï¿½nevinin adï¿½ Orhan Beyï¿½in ismine de uygundu. Hakikaten bilgiye susamï¿½ï¿½ bir karï¿½nca gibidir. Sï¿½rekli hareket halindedir. Ziyaretlerinde de bï¿½tï¿½n ï¿½srarlarï¿½ma raï¿½men fazla oturmaz, kalkar yola dï¿½ï¿½er. Ya Beyazï¿½t Devlet Kï¿½tï¿½phanesiï¿½ne uï¿½rayacaktï¿½r veya Sahaflarï¿½aï¿½ Caï¿½aloï¿½luï¿½na uï¿½rayacaksa yayï¿½nevine selï¿½m verecektir. Vatanï¿½na, milletine, devletine sevdï¿½lï¿½dï¿½r. Bayraï¿½ï¿½na ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ktï¿½r. Doï¿½rusu ï¿½Bayrakï¿½ soyadï¿½ da ona ï¿½ok yakï¿½ï¿½ï¿½yor.
ï¿½ï¿½ yï¿½l ï¿½nce dostum Muhsin Karabayï¿½la birlikte Zincirlikuyu Mezarlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ karï¿½ï¿½ karï¿½ï¿½ gezdiler. Ve ï¿½nlï¿½ kiï¿½ilerin mezarlarï¿½nï¿½ tespit ettiler. Hem de mezartaï¿½larï¿½nï¿½n fotoï¿½raflarï¿½nï¿½ ï¿½ekerek. Bu araï¿½tï¿½rmalarï¿½ gece gï¿½ndï¿½z sï¿½rdï¿½. Tatil bayram demeden, durmadan dinlenmeden ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½tï¿½lar. ï¿½imdi bu eserin bir an ï¿½nce basï¿½lmasï¿½nï¿½ bekliyorum. ï¿½nï¿½allah yakï¿½n bir gelecekte bu deï¿½erli ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½ma okuyucularï¿½n ï¿½nï¿½ne ï¿½ï¿½kar, toplumun istifadesine sunulur.
Daha ï¿½nce de ï¿½ï¿½stanbulï¿½da Gï¿½mï¿½lï¿½ Meï¿½hur Adamlarï¿½ isimli eserini yayï¿½mlamï¿½ï¿½tï¿½ yazarï¿½mï¿½z. Basï¿½lmï¿½ï¿½ kitaplarï¿½ ï¿½ok. Sonuncusuyla birlikte ï¿½imdilik 29 adede ulaï¿½tï¿½. Ama bunlarï¿½n toplam baskï¿½ adedi 57. Orhan Bayrak 41 yï¿½llï¿½k araï¿½tï¿½rmacï¿½ yazardï¿½r ve bu eserlerini 19662007 tarihleri arasï¿½nda kaleme almï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r. Bu kitaplarï¿½n tamamï¿½nï¿½n isimlerini ve aï¿½ï¿½klamalarï¿½nï¿½ burada yazmayacaï¿½ï¿½m. Orhan Bayrakï¿½ï¿½n bï¿½tï¿½n eser ve makalelerinin iyi bir bibliyografyasï¿½ bir ï¿½niversite tezine konu olabilir. Ama ben ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½ hakkï¿½nda bir fikir vermesi bakï¿½mï¿½ndan bazï¿½ eserlerinin isimlerini zikretmek istiyorum:
ï¿½stanbulï¿½un Tarihi Yerler Kï¿½lavuzu, Tï¿½rkiye Tarihi Yerler Kï¿½lavuzu, ï¿½stanbulï¿½da Gï¿½mï¿½lï¿½ Meï¿½hur Adamlar, Osmanlï¿½ Meï¿½hurlarï¿½ndan Fï¿½kralar, Ansiklopedik ï¿½stanbul Rehberi, Osmanlï¿½ Tarihi Yazarlarï¿½, Tï¿½rkiyeï¿½yi Kimler Yï¿½netti, Tï¿½rk Savaï¿½larï¿½ ve Barï¿½ï¿½larï¿½, Tï¿½rkiyeï¿½de Gazeteler ve Dergiler Sï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½, ï¿½stanbul Tarihi Topkapï¿½ Sarayï¿½, Tï¿½rbeler Sï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½, Resimli Osmanlï¿½ Tarihi Sï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½, Tï¿½rk ï¿½mparatorluklarï¿½ Tarihi, ï¿½lï¿½m ve Mezar ï¿½iirleri Antolojisi, ï¿½anakkale Savaï¿½larï¿½, Tï¿½rk Tarihinde ï¿½bret Dolu Sayfalarï¿½
Yazarï¿½mï¿½zï¿½n yazï¿½sï¿½ inci gibidir. O kadar gï¿½zel yazar ki insan okumaya doyamaz. Hatta zaman zaman, ï¿½Hocam aslï¿½nda bunlarï¿½ boï¿½una dizdirip bastï¿½rï¿½yorsunuz. Dizilmeden de basï¿½labilir ve rahatlï¿½kla okunabilir. Hatta eserleriniz bu haliyle basï¿½lï¿½rsa daha orijinal olurï¿½ derim. Tebessï¿½m eder.
ï¿½Otobiyografimï¿½ Bayrakï¿½ï¿½n yeni eseri. Kapakta boydan boya fotoï¿½raflarï¿½ var: ï¿½ocukluk, genï¿½lik, evlilik, baba olduktan sonra ï¿½ekilmiï¿½, olgunluk ve yaï¿½lï¿½lï¿½k fotoï¿½raflarï¿½ï¿½ ï¿½Sayï¿½n Mehmet Nuri Yardï¿½mï¿½a en iyi dileklerimle.ï¿½ diyerek eseri 16 Ekim 2007 tarihinde lï¿½tfedip imzaladï¿½. Bï¿½tï¿½n hayat hikï¿½yesi en ince teferruatï¿½na kadar ve muntazaman burada yer almï¿½ï¿½. Okuduï¿½u okullar, komutanlarï¿½, gï¿½rev yerleri, ilk ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½, kitaplarï¿½, makaleleri, yurt iï¿½i ve yurtdï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ gezileri, aldï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ diplomalar, sevdiï¿½i ï¿½arkï¿½ ve tï¿½rkï¿½ler, baï¿½arï¿½ belgeleri, ï¿½ocuklarï¿½ï¿½ Kï¿½sacasï¿½ hakkï¿½ndaki bï¿½tï¿½n bilgileri 142 sayfada toplamï¿½ï¿½tï¿½, hem de resimli olarak. ï¿½stelik bu eseri eï¿½e dosta hediye ediyordu. Yani kitap para ile satï¿½lmï¿½yordu. Bï¿½yï¿½k bir ihtimalle masrafï¿½nï¿½ karï¿½ï¿½lamï¿½ï¿½ ve basï¿½lmasï¿½nï¿½ saï¿½lamï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r. Vefa adamï¿½dï¿½r Orhan Bayrak. Daha ï¿½nce de annesi iï¿½in bï¿½yle bir kitap hazï¿½rlamï¿½ï¿½ ve 2000 yï¿½lï¿½nda ï¿½Neyyire Hanï¿½mï¿½n Anï¿½larï¿½ï¿½ isimli kitabï¿½ neï¿½retmiï¿½ti.
Kendisini dï¿½zenlediï¿½imiz faaliyetlere, toplantï¿½lara hep dï¿½vet ederim. Geï¿½enlerde yine telefonla dï¿½vette bulundum. ï¿½Gelirim, ama artï¿½k evden yalnï¿½z ï¿½ï¿½kamï¿½yorum. Hanï¿½mla birlikte gelirizï¿½ demiï¿½ti. Ve sï¿½zï¿½nde durdu da. Bir gï¿½n muhterem eï¿½i Meï¿½kure Hanï¿½mefendiyle birlikte vakfï¿½mï¿½zï¿½ teï¿½rif ettiler. Sohbet ettik bir sï¿½re. Sonra dï¿½ï¿½ kapï¿½ya kadar uï¿½urladï¿½m. 81 yï¿½llï¿½k ï¿½mrï¿½nï¿½n 54 yï¿½lï¿½nï¿½ Meï¿½kure Hanï¿½mefendiyle birlikte geï¿½irmiï¿½ti ve ona bï¿½yï¿½k sevgisi, saygï¿½sï¿½ vardï¿½. ï¿½rnek bir Tï¿½rk ailesi profili ï¿½iziyorlardï¿½. Karï¿½ï¿½lï¿½klï¿½ sevgi, saygï¿½, anlayï¿½ï¿½ ve sadakat esasï¿½na dayanï¿½yordu bu huzur tablosu.
Geï¿½en gï¿½n ï¿½stanbulï¿½dan kï¿½sa sï¿½reliï¿½ine ayrï¿½ldï¿½m. Dï¿½nï¿½ï¿½te arkadaï¿½ï¿½m Muhsin Karabay ï¿½zï¿½cï¿½ haberi verdi. Orhan Bayrak Caï¿½aloï¿½luï¿½ndaki yayï¿½ncï¿½sï¿½nï¿½ ziyaret etmiï¿½, dï¿½nï¿½ï¿½te merdivenlerden dï¿½ï¿½mï¿½ï¿½ ve yaralanmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½. Eve geldikten sonra bir sï¿½re dï¿½zelmiï¿½, ancak daha sonra felï¿½ geï¿½irmiï¿½ti. Bu habere ï¿½ok ï¿½zï¿½ldï¿½m. Ama ben de bir baï¿½ka ï¿½zï¿½ntï¿½ yaï¿½ï¿½yordum. ï¿½ï¿½nkï¿½ ablamï¿½ kaybetmiï¿½tim. Memleketten dï¿½nï¿½ï¿½te yakï¿½ndan tanï¿½dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½m bir yazarï¿½n bu rahatsï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ beni son derece kedere sï¿½rï¿½kledi.
ï¿½nceki gï¿½n Orhan Bayrak Beyefendinin evini aradï¿½m. Biraz da ï¿½ekinerek tuï¿½lara bastï¿½m doï¿½rusu. Tedirgindim. ï¿½ï¿½nkï¿½ alacaï¿½ï¿½m haberin beni ne kadar ï¿½zeceï¿½ini tahmin edebiliyordum. Ve yazarï¿½mï¿½zï¿½n deï¿½erli eï¿½i Meï¿½kure Hanï¿½mefendi telefondaydï¿½. Selï¿½m verip hal hatï¿½r sorduktan sonra eï¿½inin durumunu sordum. Felï¿½ hï¿½li devam ediyordu, tedavi deï¿½ Allahï¿½ï¿½n izniyle dï¿½zeleceï¿½ini ve saï¿½lï¿½ï¿½ï¿½na tam olarak kavuï¿½acaï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ sï¿½yledim. ï¿½lgimden dolayï¿½ mï¿½tehassis olduï¿½unu sï¿½yledi ve teï¿½ekkï¿½r etti. O da ismiyle mï¿½semmaydï¿½ ve bu sï¿½kï¿½ntï¿½lara ve yaï¿½adï¿½klarï¿½na raï¿½men hï¿½llerine ï¿½ï¿½krediyordu.
Orhan Bayrak, uzun boyuyla, asker yï¿½rï¿½yï¿½ï¿½ï¿½yle, sebatkï¿½r duruï¿½uyla, azimli sï¿½zleriyle, disiplinli ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½yla benim kendisine hayran olduï¿½um bir ï¿½ahsiyet. Kï¿½ltï¿½r dï¿½nyamï¿½zï¿½n mï¿½tevazï¿½ ve soylu komutanï¿½.
Bazï¿½ insanlar vardï¿½r. Sadece konuï¿½urlar, ama ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½mazlar, ï¿½retmezler. Lï¿½flarï¿½ boldur, sabah akï¿½am nutuk atarlar. Orhan Bayrak ise az konuï¿½up ï¿½ok iï¿½ yapan bir araï¿½tï¿½rmacï¿½ yazardï¿½r. ï¿½rnek bir insandï¿½r. Taklit edilmesi gereken bir aydï¿½ndï¿½r. Azmiyle, iradesiyle rahatsï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ da atlatacaï¿½ï¿½na inanï¿½yorum.
Orhan Bey, buradan sizi saygï¿½yla, sevgiyle selï¿½mlï¿½yorum. Lï¿½tfen bir an ï¿½nce toparlanï¿½n. Bakï¿½n yapï¿½lacak ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malar var daha. Zincirlikuyu kitabï¿½ ne oldu? Ardï¿½ndan baï¿½ka eserleri de bekliyoruz sizden? Belki Karacaahmet ve Eyï¿½p iï¿½in de araï¿½tï¿½rmalar yaparsï¿½nï¿½z? Hem Muhsin Bey de ï¿½u anda ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½mï¿½yor, sizi bekliyor. Bugï¿½nlerde sizi ziyarete gelecek. Ondan iyilik haberlerinizi alacaï¿½ï¿½mï¿½ ï¿½mit ediyor, Allahï¿½tan sizlere ï¿½cil ï¿½ifalar diliyorum.
Biyografinizin 107 ve 108. sayfalarï¿½nda beï¿½endiï¿½iniz ï¿½arkï¿½ ve tï¿½rkï¿½lerin isimlerini belirtmiï¿½siniz. Bu 23 tï¿½rkï¿½ ve ï¿½arkï¿½ arasï¿½nda ï¿½ok manidar bulduï¿½um iki ï¿½arkï¿½ var. Biri Amir Ateï¿½ï¿½in Segï¿½h makamï¿½nda bestelediï¿½i ï¿½Ben seni unutmak iï¿½in sevmedimï¿½ ile Suat Sayï¿½nï¿½ï¿½n Hicï¿½z makamï¿½nda bestesini yaptï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ ï¿½Sevemez kimse seni, benim sevdiï¿½im kadarï¿½ eserleriï¿½ Ama hizmetlerinizin her zaman hatï¿½rlanacaï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ ï¿½aï¿½rï¿½ï¿½tï¿½ran Ekrem Gï¿½yerï¿½in Nihavnd eseri ï¿½Unutturamaz seni hiï¿½bir ï¿½ey, unutulsam da ben.ï¿½ ï¿½arkï¿½sï¿½ bence en anlamlï¿½, en gï¿½zel ve en duygulu ï¿½arkï¿½dï¿½r. ï¿½sterseniz bu hï¿½zï¿½nlï¿½ ï¿½arkï¿½nï¿½n sï¿½zlerini hafifï¿½e deï¿½iï¿½tirerek tekrarlayayï¿½m aziz komutanï¿½m:
ï¿½Unutturamaz sizi hiï¿½bir ï¿½ey, unutulsak da biz.ï¿½
ï¿½nanï¿½n ki sizi ï¿½ok seviyoruzï¿½ Saï¿½lï¿½cakla kalï¿½n efendimï¿½ Hï¿½rmetlerimleï¿½ 
(Sanatalemi.net sitesinden alï¿½nmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r.)
Araï¿½tï¿½rmacï¿½ yazar Orhan Bayrak:
"HER Gï¿½N YENï¿½ ï¿½EYLER ï¿½ï¿½RENï¿½YORUM"
Mehmet Nuri Yardï¿½m
Araï¿½tï¿½rmacï¿½ yazar Orhan Bayrak harita mï¿½hendisi ve emekli kï¿½demli albay. Denizli Gazi ve Adapazarï¿½ Sabihanï¿½m ï¿½lkokulu, Adapazarï¿½ Ortaokulu, Kuleli Askeri Lisesi,Kara Harp Okulu Topï¿½u Okulu, Harita Yï¿½ksek Teknik Okulu mezunu. 19511977 yï¿½llarï¿½ arasï¿½nda Harita Genel Mï¿½dï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½"nde ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½an Bayrak, 1977 yï¿½lï¿½nda komptrolï¿½r iken kendi isteï¿½i ile emekliye ayrï¿½ldï¿½. 19811984 yï¿½llarï¿½ arasï¿½nda ï¿½stanbul Belediyesi"nde Harita Mï¿½dï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ yaptï¿½. Tï¿½rkiye Turizm Yazarlarï¿½ ve Gazetecileri Derneï¿½i (ATURJET) ï¿½yesi olan Bayrak"ï¿½n yayï¿½nlanmï¿½ï¿½ bir ï¿½ok eseri bulunuyor. Bunlar arasï¿½nda Tï¿½rkiye ve ï¿½stanbul"un tarihï¿½ yerlerini anlatan eserler bï¿½yï¿½k bir ï¿½nem arzediyor. Hergï¿½n kï¿½tï¿½phanelere gidip ciddi bir arï¿½iv ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½masï¿½ yapan ve "Her gï¿½n yeni ï¿½ï¿½yler ï¿½ï¿½reniyorum" diyen Orhan Bayrak ile ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½ hakkï¿½nda konuï¿½tuk.
Orhan Bey, ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½nï¿½za ilk olarak nasï¿½l baï¿½ladï¿½nï¿½z?
BAYRAK: Ben emekli kï¿½demli albay ve harita mï¿½hendisiyim. Yï¿½zbaï¿½ï¿½ iken bu tï¿½r ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malara baï¿½ladï¿½m. ï¿½lk eserim ï¿½stanbulï¿½un Tarihi Yerler Kï¿½lavuzu adï¿½ ile 1966 yï¿½lï¿½nda basï¿½ldï¿½. 13 yï¿½l baï¿½ka eserimi subay iken Ankaraï¿½da bastï¿½rmak pek mï¿½mkï¿½n olmadï¿½. Bunun yerinin ï¿½stanbul olduï¿½unu biliyordum. Kï¿½demli albay olur olmaz dilekï¿½eyi vererek istifa ettim ve ï¿½stanbulï¿½a geldim. Ve 24 yï¿½lda 34 eserim basï¿½ldï¿½. Fakat bir ï¿½ok eserim yeni baskï¿½lar yaptï¿½. Fakat Tï¿½rkiye Tarihi Yerler Kï¿½lavuzu adlï¿½ eserim ilk iki baskï¿½sï¿½nï¿½ Remzi Kitabeviï¿½nden, 3.4 baskï¿½larï¿½nï¿½ ise ï¿½nkï¿½lap Kitapeviï¿½nden yapmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r. ï¿½nkilap Kitabeviï¿½nden bundan baï¿½ka ï¿½stanbul Tarihi ve Resimli Osmanlï¿½ Tarihi Sï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ de ï¿½ï¿½kmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r. Bunlarï¿½n dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nda mezarlï¿½klarï¿½ gezerek meï¿½hur adamlarï¿½n mezar yerlerini topladï¿½m. Bu da ï¿½stanbulï¿½da Gï¿½mï¿½lï¿½ Meï¿½hur Adamlar ismiyle kitap basï¿½ldï¿½.ï¿½imdi de ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ncï¿½ baskï¿½sï¿½ hazï¿½rlanï¿½yor. Bu kitabï¿½n ikinci baskï¿½sï¿½nï¿½ Mezarlï¿½klar Vakfï¿½, Tï¿½rbeler Sï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ ile birlikte bastï¿½. Buna telif hakkï¿½ olarak benim ve eï¿½imin Karacaahmetï¿½te en gï¿½zel yerde iki kiï¿½ilik aile mezarlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ tahsis ettiler. Mezar taï¿½larï¿½nï¿½n yazï¿½larï¿½ da yazï¿½ldï¿½. ï¿½lï¿½m tarihleri aï¿½ï¿½kta duruyor.
Bir ekip ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½masï¿½ gerektiren bazï¿½ ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½ yalnï¿½z yï¿½rï¿½tï¿½yorsunuz. Bu zor olmuyor mu?
BAYRAK: Ben bir ekip ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½masï¿½ yapabilecek kudrette olmadï¿½ï¿½ï¿½m gibi bu ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malar da benim durumumu anlayacak bir yardï¿½mcï¿½ araï¿½tï¿½rmacï¿½yï¿½ hiï¿½bir zaman dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nmedim. Daima eserlerimde baï¿½kasï¿½nï¿½n kitap olarak yayï¿½nlamayï¿½ dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nmediï¿½i bir konuyu seï¿½meye ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½tï¿½m. Evvela tabii ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½manï¿½n mï¿½sveddesini hazï¿½rlarï¿½m.Bir program yaparï¿½m. Yazarï¿½m,temize ï¿½ekerim.Fakat bu eser baskï¿½ya hazï¿½r deï¿½ildir. Daktilom var ama zamanï¿½mï¿½ aldï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ iï¿½in elle daha ï¿½abuk ve hï¿½zlï¿½ yazarï¿½m.Ayrï¿½ca yazï¿½m da okunaklï¿½ ve gï¿½zeldir. Boï¿½ ajandalar verirler bazï¿½ dostlarï¿½m. Ve ben bir kere araï¿½tï¿½rmamï¿½ temize ï¿½ektikten sonra geï¿½en zaman iï¿½erisinde tamamlamaya ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½ï¿½rï¿½m.
Genelde hangi konular ï¿½stï¿½nde duruyorsunuz?
BAYRAK: Baï¿½lï¿½ca dï¿½rt ana konuda kitaplarï¿½mï¿½z yayï¿½nlandï¿½.Tarih, Biyografi, Turizm ve Bibliyografi. ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½m bu merkezde devam ediyor. Bazï¿½ ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malar vekitaplar zaman iï¿½erisinde masamï¿½n ï¿½stï¿½nde bekler ve adeta benim onlara el atmamï¿½ isterler. Araya koyduï¿½um bu cï¿½mleler ile ilave edeceï¿½im maddelerle dizgicinin anlayamayacaï¿½ï¿½ ï¿½ekle bï¿½rï¿½nï¿½nde yeniden ele alï¿½r ve belli bir dï¿½zen iï¿½erisinde temize ï¿½ekiyorum. Bï¿½ylelikle elimdeki basï¿½ma hazï¿½r olanlarï¿½n bir ï¿½oï¿½u arka arkaya dï¿½rt kere temizlenmiï¿½ durumdadï¿½rlar. Ve bunlar artï¿½k bunlara bir ï¿½ey ilave etmek istemiyorum. Son halini bï¿½ylece almï¿½ï¿½ oluyor.
ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½ yï¿½rï¿½tï¿½rken karï¿½ï¿½laï¿½tï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½z gï¿½ï¿½lï¿½kler oluyor mu?
BAYRAK: Karï¿½ï¿½laï¿½tï¿½ï¿½ï¿½m tek zorluk Osmanlï¿½ca Tï¿½rkï¿½esiï¿½ni bilmeyiï¿½imdir. Yalnï¿½z ben deï¿½il, benim diyenler bile mezar taï¿½larï¿½ndaki eski yazï¿½larï¿½nï¿½ ï¿½oï¿½u zaman okuyamamï¿½ï¿½lardï¿½r. Bunlar uzmanlï¿½k isteyen alanlar. Ama ben yine de Tokatlï¿½ Mehmet Bey (emekli binbaï¿½ï¿½) ile ï¿½stanbulï¿½un bï¿½tï¿½n mezarlï¿½klarï¿½nï¿½ dolaï¿½tï¿½k.Ve eski Tï¿½rkï¿½e mezarlarï¿½ bilhassa okuyarak, yerlerinin tespitinde ï¿½ok bï¿½yï¿½k yardï¿½mï¿½ olmuï¿½tur. Yaï¿½ï¿½yorsa minnettarï¿½m kendisine, vefat ettiyse Allahtan rahmet dilerim.
Yeni araï¿½tï¿½rmacï¿½lara neyi tavsiye edersiniz?
BAYRAK:Genï¿½ araï¿½tï¿½rmacï¿½ arkadaï¿½lara muhakkak Osmanlï¿½ca Tï¿½rkï¿½esiï¿½ni ï¿½ï¿½renmelerini tavsiye ederim. ï¿½ï¿½nkï¿½ bu kï¿½ltï¿½rï¿½mï¿½zï¿½n en az yarï¿½sï¿½dï¿½r. O dili bildikten sonra eski kaynaklara daha rahat ulaï¿½abileceklerdir. Ve ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½nï¿½ daha iyi bir ï¿½ekilde ortaya koyabileceklerdir. ï¿½ok deï¿½erli 187 parï¿½a harita koleksiyonumu Sï¿½leymaniye Kï¿½tï¿½phanesine baï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ladï¿½m. Bu haritadan istifade etmek isteyenler oradan fotokopiyle elde edebilirler.
ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½nï¿½z esnasï¿½nda birlikte olduï¿½unuz meï¿½hurlar kimler, kï¿½saca bahsedebilir misiniz?
BAYRAK: Eski bakanlardan yazar Cahit Kayra ile bir bankaya ï¿½stanbul haritalarï¿½; ï¿½stanbul Anakent Belediyesine de ï¿½stanbul haritalarï¿½ ve ï¿½stanbulï¿½un Yokuï¿½larï¿½ ve Merdivenleri adlï¿½ kitaplarï¿½ birlikte hazï¿½rladï¿½k. Bir ï¿½ok meï¿½hur kiï¿½iyle tanï¿½ï¿½mï¿½ï¿½ olmakla beraber ï¿½brahim Hakkï¿½ Konyalï¿½ ile bir anï¿½mï¿½ eklemek isterim. Bir gazeteye bir dizi yazï¿½ hazï¿½rladï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ gï¿½nlerde bir yerde karï¿½ï¿½laï¿½tï¿½k ve onun daveti ï¿½zerine beraber arabayla gitmeye baï¿½ladï¿½k. ï¿½ofï¿½re ï¿½Orhan Beyin istediï¿½i yere bizi gï¿½tï¿½r. ï¿½ dedi. Karacaahmet Mezarlï¿½ï¿½na girdik. ï¿½ï¿½eri girdiï¿½imizde tï¿½rbe iï¿½inde bir Karacaahmet Tï¿½rbesi asï¿½lï¿½ydï¿½. Ben bu portrenin Karacaahmedï¿½e ait olmadï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ sï¿½yleyince ï¿½brahim Hakkï¿½ bana dï¿½nerek, ï¿½Peki kime ait diye sorduï¿½ ï¿½Sadrazam Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Paï¿½aya aittirï¿½ dedim. Portreye epeyce baktï¿½ktan sonra, ï¿½Hakikaten doï¿½ru ï¿½ dedi ve tï¿½rbedara ï¿½ï¿½kï¿½ï¿½tï¿½. Bilmediï¿½iniz portreleri niye asï¿½yorsunuz diye serzeniï¿½te bulundu.
Hasan Pulurï¿½la ilgil ibir hatï¿½ram da ï¿½ï¿½yle: Hasan Pulur Milliyet gazetesinde yazdï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ bir makalede Sadrazam Damat ï¿½brahim Paï¿½aï¿½dan bahsetmekte iki asï¿½r arayla yaï¿½amï¿½ï¿½ aynï¿½ isimde iki kiï¿½inin yaï¿½amlarï¿½nï¿½ birbirine karï¿½ï¿½tï¿½rarak tek bir kiï¿½i gibi anlatï¿½yor. Bu yanlï¿½ï¿½, benim gï¿½zï¿½mden kaï¿½madï¿½. Bu iki asï¿½r farkla yaï¿½amï¿½ï¿½ iki sadrazam, ikisi de damat, ikisi de maktul olduï¿½u iï¿½in karï¿½ï¿½tï¿½rmï¿½ï¿½. Birisi Kanuni Sultan Sï¿½leymanï¿½ï¿½n maktul ï¿½brahim Paï¿½a, birisi de Nevï¿½ehirli ï¿½brahim Paï¿½a. Ben bunlarï¿½ aï¿½ï¿½klayan bir mektubu Nuruosmanï¿½ye Caddesindeki Milliyet gazetesine Hasan Pulur adï¿½na bï¿½raktï¿½m. Bir hafta geï¿½meden Pulur, sï¿½tununda ï¿½Bir okurumuzï¿½ diyerekten bu aï¿½ï¿½klamanï¿½n kï¿½sasï¿½nï¿½, ï¿½yanlï¿½ï¿½ yapmï¿½ï¿½ï¿½zï¿½ diyerekten ï¿½zetlemiï¿½ti. ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ncï¿½ hatï¿½ramï¿½ dad anlatï¿½p bu mevzuu noktalayayï¿½m. Prof. Dr. Ekmeleddin ï¿½hsanoï¿½luï¿½nun kayï¿½npederi olan Emin Bilgiï¿½ Kï¿½ltï¿½r Bakanï¿½ Mï¿½steï¿½arï¿½ idi. Tanï¿½madï¿½ï¿½ï¿½m halde albay iken gittim ï¿½Mï¿½steï¿½arla gï¿½rï¿½ï¿½mek istiyorumï¿½ dedim.Beni ï¿½ok gï¿½zel kabul ettiler. ï¿½lk eserim basï¿½lmadan ï¿½nceydi. Onun el yazmasï¿½yla olan kitap ï¿½eklini gï¿½sterdim. Yarï¿½m saat iï¿½eriye kimseyi almamasï¿½ iï¿½in sekreterini uyardï¿½. Eserimi tam yarï¿½m saat tetkik etti. Dï¿½nï¿½p bana,ï¿½Albayï¿½m size tebrik ederim. Bizden cesursunuz. ï¿½ï¿½nkï¿½ biz bir tï¿½rlï¿½ camisi diyemedik. ï¿½ï¿½nkï¿½ Tï¿½rkï¿½e konuï¿½tuï¿½umuza gï¿½re, Cami de Tï¿½rkï¿½e bir kelime olduï¿½una gï¿½re sesli harfle de sona erdiï¿½ine gï¿½re, takï¿½sï¿½yla birlikte camisi denmesi ï¿½ok doï¿½ru. Ama bunu bizim nesil yapmï¿½yorï¿½ dedi. Fakat orada kitabï¿½mï¿½n basï¿½lmasï¿½nï¿½ arzu ettiï¿½i halde Prof. Dr. Faruk Sï¿½merï¿½in rapor vermesini bekledi. Sï¿½mer rapor vermedi. Ben konuyu araï¿½tï¿½rï¿½nca ilgili memur, ï¿½Prof. Faruk Sï¿½mer Beyden rapor bekliyoruz" dedi. ï¿½ï¿½ gï¿½n sonra telefon ettiï¿½imde, ï¿½Efendim eserinizi gelip alï¿½n. Rapor aleyhteymiï¿½. Gidip eseri aldï¿½m. Ve maalesef basï¿½lmadï¿½.
Tarih profesï¿½rï¿½ Ali Osman Gencer, kitaplarï¿½m hakkï¿½nda konuï¿½urken ï¿½Orhan Bey yï¿½z yï¿½ldï¿½r bu memlekette en gï¿½zel tarihi eserleri akademisyen olmayanlar yazmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r. Siz de onlardan birisinizï¿½ demiï¿½tir.
Sizin Hayat Tarih Mecmuasï¿½yla ilgili unutamadï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½z bir hatï¿½ranï¿½z da olacak sanï¿½rï¿½m...
BAYRAK: Evet emekli olmadan on yï¿½l ï¿½nce bu dergiye bir makale gï¿½ndermiï¿½tim. Yayï¿½nlanmadï¿½. Ve ben bu makaleyi unuttum. On sene sonra emekli kï¿½demli albay olarak ï¿½stanbulï¿½a geldiï¿½imde bir aï¿½abeyimiz ï¿½Tebrik ederim, artï¿½k Hayat Tarih Mecmuasï¿½nda makalelerin ï¿½ï¿½kï¿½yorï¿½ dedi. Ben ï¿½aï¿½ï¿½rdï¿½m. ï¿½Oraya gï¿½ndermiyorumï¿½ dedim. Israr edince bayine gidip dergiyi aldï¿½m. Baktï¿½m ki hakikaten benim makalem ama on yï¿½l ï¿½nce gï¿½nderdiï¿½imde yayï¿½n iï¿½leri Yï¿½lmaz ï¿½ztuna idi. Dergide kullanmamï¿½ï¿½tï¿½. ï¿½imdi mecmuanï¿½n yeni yazï¿½iï¿½leri mï¿½dï¿½rï¿½ne baktï¿½m Mithat Sertoï¿½luï¿½ydu. Dergiye gittim. Kendimi takdim ettim. Sertoï¿½lu kendisiyle ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½mamï¿½ teklifte bulundu. Ve mï¿½essesenin sahibi yazar ï¿½evket Radoï¿½ya beni gï¿½tï¿½rï¿½p takdim etti. ï¿½evket Rado da hemen kabul edip arï¿½ivin dï¿½zeltilmesini istedi. Hayat Dergisi dahil bu mï¿½esesese o gï¿½n altï¿½ dergiyi ï¿½ï¿½karï¿½yordu. Gayri muntazam ve pis olan bu arï¿½ivi, 25 yï¿½llï¿½k bu arï¿½ivi yeniden dï¿½zenlemeye baï¿½ladï¿½m. Beï¿½ buï¿½uk ayda dï¿½zelttim. Ve o kï¿½tï¿½phanesinden de ï¿½ok faydalandï¿½m.Gï¿½rmediï¿½im kitaplarï¿½ gï¿½rdï¿½m.
ï¿½u anda nelerle uï¿½raï¿½ï¿½yorsunuz... Neler hazï¿½rlï¿½yorsunuz?
BAYRAK: 18 tane baskï¿½ya hazï¿½r kitabï¿½m var. 75 yaï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ bitirdim. Onun iï¿½in yeni bir kitaba baï¿½lamak istemiyorum. Yoruluyorum. Yeni bir kitaba baï¿½lamaktan ziyade yayï¿½na hazï¿½r olan 18 kitabï¿½mï¿½n yayï¿½nlanmasï¿½ iï¿½in ï¿½aba gï¿½stereceï¿½im. ï¿½lerde elimdeki bu ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malar kitaplaï¿½tï¿½ktan sonra bakarsï¿½nï¿½z yine yeni kitaplar hazï¿½rlamaya baï¿½larï¿½m.
Kitapla, yazï¿½yla okumayla geï¿½en bir ï¿½mrï¿½nï¿½z var. Ailede ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½nï¿½zï¿½ devam ettirecek birileri vardï¿½r umarï¿½m...
BAYRAK: 35 yï¿½lda yazdï¿½ï¿½ï¿½m 22 eserim 36 baskï¿½ yaptï¿½. Bunlarï¿½n tamamï¿½ da on bin sayfaya yaklaï¿½tï¿½. ï¿½ocuklarï¿½ma mal mï¿½lk bï¿½rakamadï¿½m ama bu yazdï¿½klarï¿½mï¿½ bï¿½rakï¿½yorum.
ORHAN BAYRAK"IN ESERLERï¿½
· ï¿½stanbul"un Tarihi Yerler Kï¿½lavuzu
· Tï¿½rkiye Tarihi Yerler Kï¿½lavuzu
· ï¿½stanbul"da Gï¿½mï¿½lï¿½ Meï¿½hur Adamlar
· Osmanlï¿½ Meï¿½hurlarï¿½ndan Fï¿½kralar
· Atatï¿½rk ve Kurtuluï¿½ Savaï¿½ï¿½
· Ansiklopedik ï¿½stanbul Rehberi
· Osmanlï¿½ Tarihi Yazarlarï¿½
· Tï¿½rkiye"yi Kimler Yï¿½netti
· Panorama of Turkey
· Marmara Bï¿½lgesi Doï¿½al ve Tarihi Yerler Kï¿½lavuzu
· Tï¿½rk Savaï¿½larï¿½ ve Barï¿½ï¿½larï¿½
· ï¿½zmir"in Tarihi Yerler Kï¿½lavuzu
· Tï¿½rkiye Gazeteler ve Dergiler Sï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½
· ï¿½stanbul Tarihi
· Topkapï¿½ Sarayï¿½
· A short History of Turkey and Atatï¿½rk
· Tï¿½rbeler Sï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½
· Resimli Osmanlï¿½ Tarihi Sï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½
· Neyyire Hanï¿½mï¿½n Anï¿½larï¿½
· Tï¿½rkiye Cumhuriyeti Tarihi Sï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½
(Sanatalemi.net sitesinden alï¿½nmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r.)